Finally, in the caves with the scrolls, some coins have been found from the period matching the age of the scrolls.The Dead Sea Scrolls were the property of a community of Essenes, an ancient Jewish sect.All Dead Sea Scrolls found in the Qumran caves and at Masada were copied prior to 68 A. In addition, some Carbon-14 dating of scrolls has been done.
There are three simple steps to getting a carbon-14 date: sample preparation, getting the ratio, and using a calibration chart to get the age from the ratio. Before dating, samples are first soaked in an 8% HCL, and then an Na OH caustic solution to clean them of contaminants, such as dirt, microbes, and tree sap.
It's also one the saltiest places on Earth, which isn't so great for living things but helps keep other things in the area -- such as papyrus or skin documents -- from deteriorating.
The first tools of science and technology applied to the scrolls were used to identify and date the ancient documents.
From this science, we are able to approximate the date at which the organism were living on Earth.
Radiocarbon dating is used in many fields to learn information about the past conditions of organisms and the environments present on Earth.
All plants take in carbon from carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. A carbon-14 atom is radioactive; it eventually loses an electron and a neutrino and changes to nitrogen-14.